12/02/17 Hebrews 13:1-13 “Let us go forth unto Him, bearing his reproach.”
Hebrews 13:1 – Let brotherly love continue.
brotherly love – philadelphia (brotherly love, especially noted as between Christians)
Let (brotherly love) continue – abide (in); remain (constant). That is, they aren’t being told to have or get brotherly love, but to abide in or continue in such love. The word signifies the continuation of something that already exists.
Romans 12:10 – [Be] kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another;
John 13:34-35 – 34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. 35 By this shall all [men] know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
1 Peter 1:22 – Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
Hebrews 13:2 – Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
Be not forgetful – do not neglect, don’t be uncaring.
to entertain strangers – translated “hospitality” in Romans 12:13 – Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.
entertained angels unawares – see Genesis 18:2 – And he (Abraham) lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,
The idea is that you just don’t know to whom you are showing hospitality.
Matthew 25:40 – And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Hebrews 13:3 – Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; [and] them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body.
Remember – be mindful of.
Hebrews 2:6 – But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Keep in mind those who suffer, especially those who suffer for their faith, that is, in bonds, for if they are truly brothers, then you should feel what they are feeling – that is, empathy. Because we are one with them in the same body of Christ, then we should suffer their bonds and their adversity as if we are experiencing it ourselves.
1 Corinthians 12:26 – And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.
Hebrews 13:4 – Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
Or (Let) marriage (be) held in honour by (or among?) all, for the bed is not defiled by marriage. It appears to be a statement that allowed sexual relations between married couples to be honourable and not to be held in contempt perhaps by those who might have thought that celibacy was a more holy option. Of course, the bed is still defiled by all other options such as fornication (pornos – whoremonger; fornicator – including male temple prostitution) and adultery (any sexual relations outside the marriage covenant). That is, there’s a right way (in marriage) and a wrong way (whoremongering and adultery); God will bless the marriage option, yet will judge (negatively) the whoremonger (translated “fornicator” in 5 out of 10 New Testament occurrences) and adultery options.
1 Corinthians 6:9-10 – 9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
Hebrews 13:5 – [Let your] conversation [be] without covetousness; [and be] content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.
Deuteronomy 31:3; 6; 8 – 3 The Lord thy God, he will go over before thee, [and] he will destroy these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them: [and] Joshua, he shall go over before thee, as the Lord hath said.
6 Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the Lord thy God, he [it is] that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
8 And the Lord, he [it is] that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed.
conversation – behaviour. Thus, Let your behaviour be without covetousness (greed; envy) and be content (satisfied) with what God has provided you, for God has promised to never leave you nor forsake providing for your every need.
Matthew 6:33 – But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Philippians 4:11; 18-19 – 11 Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, [therewith] to be content.
18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God. 19 But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.
It may well be said that if we don’t have it (and can’t get it or afford it), then we don’t need it, regardless of how much we think we need it! And Matthew 6:33 above says that our greatest need is to seek God’s kingdom and His righteousness, which means that if God says we can’t have it, we shouldn’t want it. Conversely, though, if we really need it, God will provide it!
Also, it may well be said that a satisfied Christian cannot be tempted! All temptation requires a lack of satisfaction in order to work, for what Christian can be tempted when he has no need of anything? (Except God’s kingdom and His righteousness, of course!) And if we should ask what happens if God isn’t around, then He has promised to never be absent; He’ll always be there to supply our every need.
Hebrews 13:6 – So that we may boldly say, The Lord [is] my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
Psalm 118:6 – The Lord [is] on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?
So that we may have the courage or boldness to proclaim that God is our constant helper in time of trouble; what hope has any mere man against one of God’s people?
Nothing is mightier than the God who created the universe and who now rules with all authority and power.
Zechariah 4:6 – Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the Lord of hosts.
Nothing is capable of separating us from the love of God. Nothing is able to defeat the one who trusts in the victory of the Lord God.
Romans 8:35-39 – 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. 37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. 38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, 39 Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Do not fear anyone (the context is for man – anthropos) who can destroy your physical body, but fear Him who may destroy you for eternity in hell. Only God has the power of life and death for all.
Matthew 10:28 – And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Do not pick on God’s people for God will fight for them.
Zechariah 2:8 – For thus saith the Lord of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.
And for those who think they can run from the Lord God of Hosts:
Isaiah 30:15-18 – 15 For thus saith the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not. 16 But ye said, No; for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift. 17 One thousand [shall flee] at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as a beacon upon the top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an hill. 18 And therefore will the Lord wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the Lord [is] a God of judgment: blessed [are] all they that wait for him.
Hebrews 13:7 – Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of [their] conversation.
This applies in particular to spiritual leaders such as pastors and church leaders. It should be kept in mind, however, that they have to be called by God to take such rule over others, or else God does not provide for their ministry.
1 Thessalonians 5:24 – Faithful [is] he that calleth you, who also will do [it].
If they speak the word of God and, as seen in their behaviour, seek to be above reproach in following that word (by faith), then keep them in mind. 1 Timothy 3:2 says a bishop (elder or pastor) must be blameless (above reproach) in his behaviour. As the saying goes, practise what you preach, but likewise, expect that those who preach it should also practise it. Consider the consequences of the behaviour of those who rule over you. 2 Timothy 4:7 – I have fought a good fight, I have finished [my] course, I have kept the faith:
considering the end of their conversation – pay careful attention to their behaviour and, if faithful, imitate them.
James 3:13 – Who [is] a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.
Hebrews 13:8 – Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
same – autos (himself; herself; themselves; itself; he; she; it; the same) Thus auto = self. Used 5787 times and translated “same” only 80 times. It has the idea that Jesus Christ is Himself always, never anyone else!
Malachi 3:6 – For I [am] the Lord, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.
It is a statement of eternalness, a claim that only God can make, for Himself, and for those beings He has created for eternity (notably man and angel/demon). Such beings also exist forever, and therefore physical death is not the opposite of life, but instead it is an eternal existence without life. God, however, controls all of this. he is the I AM, the ever-eternal, ever-existent God.
John 8:58 – Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
It is a statement that can never be “I was” but “I am” because “I was” signifies a change over time, whereas “I am” signifies no change, therefore eternal.
Eternal is the opposite of temporal which means bound by time. Temporal things will change given enough time, but eternal things cannot change because they are outside time.
2 Corinthians 4:18 – While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen [are] temporal; but the things which are not seen [are] eternal.
For the Hebrews who must have been suffering persecution, it was very important for them to rely upon the promises of One who had never changed and would not change in the future. The rules would remain the same for all time!
Hebrews 13:9 – Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
divers – various. There is only one true doctrine and that is the Bible.
strange – alien; new; unheard of. Doctrines that are not compatible with the Bible.
Ephesians 4:14 – That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
1 John 4:1 – Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
A doctrine that was not consistent with the Bible was a doctrine of devils.
1 Timothy 4:1 – Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;
meats – broma (that which is eaten; foods) Mostly translated “meats” but can mean food in a more general sense.
The Christian Hebrews would have been brought up on all the rules and regulations of the temple with respect to foods, drinks and special washings etc.
Hebrews 9:10 – [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
But now it is apparent they are being told that this was no longer the case. It was important that they continue to rest in the grace of God which had brought them to salvation in Christ …..
Ephesians 2:8 – For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
….. and not the rules and regulations of the old and now annulled covenant.
Note that the gift of God is not faith here, but salvation by grace.
It was good that the heart (the centre of their belief in Christ), their salvation, that is, be established by grace, and not by rules regarding the eating of various foods which had not profited them who had been more concerned with such. Even today we see the fastidious commitment of Jews to the eating of only certain foods and none other. This might be traditionally correct but certainly cannot save them (cannot profit them).
Hebrews 13:10 – We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.
The Jews who served at the altar had the right to partake of the altar. This implied that those who didn’t serve at the altar had no right to partake of it.
1 Corinthians 9:13 – Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live [of the things] of the temple? and they which wait at the altar are partakers with the altar?
The Hebrews had probably been banned from partaking at the altar of the Jews (in a sense, excommunicated), but here they had an altar which they served, and which they partook of. Their altar was the cross of Jesus and He was offered for them (and us) to partake of, to “eat” – look at the following:
Matthew 26:26 – And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
The tabernacle here probably means the temple which was built after the pattern of the tabernacle in the desert. Those that served at the temple (tabernacle) opposed and refused the altar of the new covenant, the cross of Jesus, and therefore had no right to partake, whereas those who had come to the cross for salvation had been partakers of that grace (Vs 9). (Those Jews of the old covenant worship at the temple were those who considered that their hearts were established with the eatings of certain foods (Vs 9) which would not have profited them who were occupied with such.)
Hebrews 13:11 – For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.
This is explained in detail in Leviticus 4 where the animal carcass (with blood drained and such as fat removed for the sin offering) is then taken outside the camp to be burned.
Leviticus 4:3; 12 – 3 If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the
sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a
young bullock without blemish unto the Lord for a sin offering.
12 Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt.
It couldn’t be eaten; it had to be absolutely destroyed by burning.
Leviticus 6:30 – And no sin offering, whereof [any] of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile [withal] in the holy [place], shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
Hebrews 13:12 – Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
In the same way, Jesus, whose blood was poured out for a sin-offering on the cross, was taken outside (“without”) the gate (the camp) and crucified for the sanctification of His people (firstly, the people or sheep of Israel, then when they rejected Him, the people of the world – the Gentile nations – who would receive Him).
John 1:11-13 – 11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not. 12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name: 13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Hebrews 13:13 – Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
Those who claim to be His (that is, Christians) should therefore act as if they are His. That means obeying His commandments.
John 14:15 – If ye love me, keep my commandments.
It means a calling to suffer for our faith.
1 Peter 2:21 – For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:
It means turning away from the world, carrying our crosses, and following Jesus.
Luke 9:23-24 – 23 And he said to [them] all, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me. 24 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever will lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it.
Those who cannot carry their crosses cannot be His disciples.
Luke 14:27 – And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
Those who cannot take up their crosses cannot be considered worthy of being called a follower of Jesus.
Matthew 10:38 – And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
It means bearing His reproach, that is, oneidismos – such as Christ suffered, for the cause of God, from his enemies.
The point is that no matter how many false doctrines there are out there to oppose, including calvinism, it all boils down to one thing: all that matters is that we remain true to our calling.
Philippians 3:13-14 – 13 Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but [this] one thing [I do], forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, 14 I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
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