12/01/20 – 2 Peter 3:11-18


2 Peter 3:11[Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness,


these things – or “of these”


shall be dissolvedlyo (to loose any person or thing tied or fastened [such as sandals, shoes, bandages, chains]; to loose a married husband and wife; let go; loosen or dissolve anything bound, tied or compacted together; dismiss; break up; annul; do away with authority; declare unlawful; break up into parts; do away with) Translated “shall melt” in 2 Peter 3:10 and “shall be dissolved” in Vs 12 below.


conversationanastrophe (manner of life; conduct; behaviour) from anastrepho (metaphorically to conduct one’s self; behave one’s self; live – translated “live” in 2 Peter 2:18those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.)


godliness – reverence; respect; piety towards God; godliness. Also used in 2 Peter 1:3, 6, & 7. Translated “holiness” in Acts 3:12.

As a consequence of all these things (that would “melt” in Vs 10 and “be dissolved” here – same word used) you should be found exhibiting holy behaviour and godliness (holiness).

1 John 2:28-2928And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming. 29If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him.

If you are one of the “beloved” (Vs 14 below), and because all these things will dissolve as promised, then you will demonstrate this by your holy and godly behaviour.


what manner of” translates literally as “from what country, nation or tribe”. That is, if you are a citizen of heaven, then you’ll act like a citizen of heaven. If you do not act like a citizen of heaven, then you may not be such a citizen.


2 Peter 3:12Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?


looking forspeudo (looking for; expecting; waiting for)

Acts 3:5And he (the lame man) gave heed unto them, expecting to receive something of them.


hasting – “making haste”, or “earnestly desiring” That is, either making it come quickly or wanting it to come as soon as possible.


the comingparousia (coming; arrival; advent; the future visible return from heaven of Jesus, to raise the dead, hold the last judgment, and set up the kingdom of God – see John 5:25-29) Also translated “coming” in 2 Peter 1:16 & 3:4.

being on firepyroo (burn with fire; set on fire; be incensed; indignant; full of fire; fiery; of the fiery darts of the wicked in Ephesians 6:16; melted by fire and purged of dross as per Revelation 3:18) From pyr (fire). Note Revelation 3:18aI counsel thee to buy of me gold tried (pyroo) in the fire (pyr). Note our words “pyre” and “pyromaniac”.


shall be dissolvedlyo (see Vs 11 above)


shall meltteko (make liquid; liquify; become liquid; melt; perish or destroyed by melting) Different from “melt” (lyo) in 2 Peter 3:10. This is the only use of teko in the NT. In simple terms, lyo is to fragment or break up something while teko is to destroy by liquifying it. Maybe one needs a hammer while the other needs a blender?


fervent heatkausoo (burn up; set fire to; suffer with feverish burning; be parched with fever) Our word “caustic” (capable of burning or destroying organic tissue, corrosive) comes from the same Greek root; cf caustic soda; holocaust (sacrifice by fire; burnt offering). kausoo is only used twice in the NT, here and in 2 Peter 3:10.


Not only should we be expecting the coming of the day of the Lord, but we should be working toward the arrival of such a day. But Peter’s statement about the thousand years being as one day (2 Peter 3:8) does suggest that God’s timetable is already set out and that perhaps we cannot actually do anything toward speeding it up. Therefore it could be read as “earnestly desiring” the coming of such a day. Note Titus 2:13Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; This verse also emphasises the earnest expectation that Christians should have for the coming of that day.


Our earnestness would not be specifically that the heavens be set on fire, but for the coming of that day which is associated with the destruction by fire. We should be aware that this day will not come without such destruction. The old heavens have to go to make way for the new heavens (see next Vs). The old creation is tainted by sin; the new creation is characterised by righteousness.


The heavens will be broken up, fragmented, all cohesion gone, and the elements will be liquified. “elements” can be translated as “the principles and practices of the old covenant world order” but could also represent the elements as per the periodic table of elements which lists all the known pure elements that are the basic building blocks of everything on earth. Every pure element, every chemical compound, every atom and molecule, is represented by various combinations of the 118 elements on the periodic table. Atoms themselves are almost completely empty space. If you were to compress a block of steel to remove all space in the atoms, then you would end up with a microscopic speck that would still weigh as much as the original block. If the earth were to be compressed it would be very small, yet would retain the same gravity it had before. It is believed that black holes are places where the gravity is so immense that all atoms collapse and even light cannot escape the gravity (thus the term “black hole”).


Here it talks of the elements being liquified by use of fervent heat which could even be a corrosive action that literally melts all solids into liquid. Note also that extreme heat melts the hardest metal, making it a fiery liquid.

See Micah 1:3-43For, behold, the Lord cometh forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread upon the high places of the earth. 4And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, [and] as the waters [that are] poured down a steep place. It is talking about Samaria and Jerusalem but the picture painted is similar.


2 Peter 3:13Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.


Nevertheless – or “Moreover” or “But”


look forprosdokao (expect; look for; wait for) Used 16 times in the NT, 3 usages in 2 Peter 3 – “Looking for” (Vs 12) and “look for” (Vss 13 & 14).


new – either “recently made” or unused” or “a new kind of”


We see this from a different perspective, one of the renewing that can only take place after the old has been destroyed. One person might see the destruction of a house as the end, while another might see it as the sign of a new beginning, necessary for the building of a new house that is better in every way. Thus: But we see it according to what God has promised, that the destruction will make way for a new heavens and new earth to be created such that righteousness may dwell without conflict.

Daniel 9:24Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.


And because we desire righteousness, we look for the new to replace the old, and therefore we expect the old to be destroyed to make way for the new, all because we trust in the promise of God that this will happen in that day of the Lord. For one group the day of the Lord is a time of terror, while to the other group the same day represents the ushering in of a new creation “wherein dwelleth righteousness”.

Note the old covenant having to be put away to make way for the new in Hebrews.


2 Peter 3:14Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.




look for – or “are expecting”, or “are waiting for”


be diligentspoudazo (to hasten; make haste; exert one’s self; endeavour; give diligence) It is translated “give diligence” in 2 Peter 1:10 and “will endeavour” in 2 Peter 1:15. From the same root word as “hasting” in Vs 12 above.


of him – “by him”, or “in his sight”


peaceeirene (we get Irene from this word)


without spot, and blameless – see 1 Peter 1:19But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: where “blameless” (amometos) (Vs 14 above) and “without blemish” (amomos) are derived from the same root word.


Wherefore beloved (here Peter is clearly talking to Christians of like precious faith to his own faith – 2 Peter 1:1) because you are looking for (or should be looking for) such things as the destruction of the old to make way for the new, act as if you expect it to happen. If you truly believe that God’s promise is sure, then you’ll act accordingly. That means that you should be diligent (exert yourself; work at it) to ensure that you may be found by God (or Christ) in peace, without spot (without vice; unsullied by sin) and blameless (above reproach; not necessarily without sin but not able to be censured for sin).


We should be the opposite to those false teachers that Peter describes as “spots and blemishes”.

2 Peter 2:12-1412But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; 13And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; 14Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:


But we are not to be like those “cursed children” of 2 Peter 2:14!

2 Peter 1:10-1110Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: 11For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

1 John 2:28-2928And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming. 29If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him.


2 Peter 3:15And account [that] the longsuffering of our Lord [is] salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;


accounthegeomai (lead; rule; command; leader; prince; chief; spokesman; consider; deem; account; think) It has the idea of having authority behind the word. In 2 Peter 1:13 Peter thinks it but doesn’t expect to be ignored. In fact, Peter uses it 4 times in 2 Peter out of 28 times in the NT. It gives his words authority that should not be ignored. Here, “account” is more of an order than a suggestion.


the longsuffering – or “the patience” The noun form of the verb “longsuffering” used in 2 Peter 3:9.


salvationsoteria (deliverance; preservation; safety; salvation) From soter (saviour; deliverer; preserver)




the wisdomsophia (wisdom; full of intelligence; the knowledge of diverse matters; science and learning; the knowledge and practice of the requisites for godly and upright living) We get the name Sophy (or Sophia) from this. Note “philosophy” is the love of wisdom and knowledge, and “theosophy” is the knowledge of divine things (allegedly God).


The scoffers of 2 Peter 3:3 would have been claiming that if God were to do anything, He would have done it by now, yet nothing has changed for so long, and therefore nothing will change now. But Peter is telling them to “account” it, that is, get the message straight, that God’s patience is not because He’s a bit slow off the mark, but that God is following a certain time pathway for the purposes of salvation.


As far as I am concerned, the salvation spoken of here must refer to those whose names are written in the Book of Life, chosen (elect) by the foreknowledge of God the Father as per 1 Peter 1:2. When the Church is complete (see Romans 11:25) its times will be fulfilled (pleroma) and salvation will then pass back to Israel (Romans 11:26-27). Then a further 7 years (the final weeks of years as per Daniel 9:24-27) will fulfill the salvation of Israel as well. Following this is the 1000-year millennial reign of Christ. God has purposed to save a certain amount (chosen by foreknowledge) and predestined them (again by foreknowledge – Romans 8:29) to be conformed to the image of Christ. God’s timeline will neither be short of this number, nor will it be longer than necessary to bring His Church to complete fulfillment.


Peter says that Paul through the wisdom given him by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:20-21) has put the same message in writing to them (see next Vs). However, who “you” might be is uncertain. Some say the Thessalonians, others Ephesians or even Colossians, or Corinthians, these all being Gentile churches. Note in particular the passages of Paul that related to the coming of the day of the Lord, such as 2 Thessalonians 2.


2 Peter 3:16As also in all [his] epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.


hard to be understooddysnoetos (hard to be understood) From dys (a prefix conveying the idea of difficulty, opposition, injuriousness, similar to our "mis-" or "un-" prefixes) and noieo (perceive with the mind; understand; think upon; heed; ponder; consider) from nous (the mind; understanding; reasoning) The prefix “dys” in “dysfunctional” is derived from the Greek prefix dys-.


unlearned – or “ignorant”


unstableasteriktos (unstable; unsteadfast) Only used twice in the NT, here and in 2 Peter 2:14aHaving eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls:

From sterizo (make stable; place firmly; set fast; fix; strengthen; make firm; confirm) – used for “be established” in (and be established in the present truth) 2 Peter 1:12. Thus “unstable” can be seen as the opposite of “established” in relation to the truth of the Bible.


wreststrebloo (twist; turn awry; torture; put to the rack; pervert or twist language) Sounds like calvinist verbal gymnastics! This is its only use in the NT.


scriptures – or “writings” (graphe) Unstable and ignorant people twist or pervert the meaning of Paul’s epistles as they do other writings (probably meaning the epistles of other NT writers) While they seek to destroy others through such “wresting”, such distortion of scriptures will lead to their own utter destruction. This is clearly a continuation of the condemnation of the false teachers of Ch.2 and probably also applied to the scoffers of 2 Peter 3:3.


The wisdom Paul has written to them is the same as he has written in all his epistles, where he speaks of such things as Peter has been saying to them. Some of his writings might be hard to understand, particularly those referring to the future and the end times. In particular, there are those (false teachers and scoffers) who are ignorant, lacking a good biblical foundation, who twist and pervert the true meaning just as they do with other Scripture. They select difficult passages in order to deceive others. They think they are profiting from the verbal gymnastics (the distortion of language), but in actual fact, these are those who through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. (2 Peter 2:3)


That is, their destruction is just as assured as those “beloved” ones are assured of righteousness with the coming of the day of the Lord. For some it will be life, and others condemnation.

John 5:25-2925Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. 26For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; 27And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. 28Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.


2 Peter 3:17Ye therefore, beloved (agapetos), seeing ye know [these things] before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.


therefore – then; therefore; accordingly; consequently.


seeing ye know [these things] beforeproginosko (to have knowledge before hand; to foreknow) From pro (before; beforehand) and ginosko (know; have knowledge of; perceive; discern)


bewarephylasso (guard; keep watch; keep an eye on; keep someone safe by watching him; protect someone; avoid; shun; flee from) We get “phylactery” (a small leather box containing OT texts) from this word.


being led away withsynapago (to lead away with or together; to experience with others the force of that which carries away; to yield or submit one’s self to lowly things, conditions, employments) From syn (many acting as one; intimately connected with others) and apago (to lead away, especially of those who are led off to trial, prison, or punishment) apago is used for “led away” in Mark 15:16And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Prætorium; and they call together the whole band.

synapago has the idea of being led away as a group, all together, as one, like following the crowd, or going astray like sheep.


stedfastnesssterigmos (firm condition; steadfastness especially of mind) From sterizo (used for “be established” in 2 Peter 1:12) and opposite in meaning to “unstable” (asteriktos) of Vs 16 above.

Thus, beware lest you become as one of those “being led away with the error of the wicked”.

2 Peter 1:8-108For if these things be in you, and abound, they make [you that ye shall] neither [be] barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins. 10Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:


Those to whom Peter is writing should know these things already (beforehand) even if only because Peter has told them so earlier in 2 Peter. They should not be ignorant (2 Peter 3:8) nor should they fall away from their stability (steadfastness) (which would happen if they were led away along with those wicked ones who were trying to entice them back to the world from which they had clean escaped – 2 Peter 2:18). Those of the Church must choose to not ignore (they must “beware”) what God has promised, for it will certainly come to pass.


2 Peter 3:18But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] (the) glory both now and for ever. Amen.




Peter exhorts them to grow, as this appears to be the remedy against falling away as per Hebrews 6:6 (If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance …), also noting that Hebrews 5:12-14 declares them to be babes on the milk of the word and not the meat. That is, they are immature, when by this stage they should be more mature. Thus the writer tells them: let us go on unto perfection (Hebrews 6:1) for this will we do, if God permit. (Hebrews 6:3). That is, those who do not grow as Christians will probably remain at risk of apostasy, while growth is a reasonable remedy against such apostasy. Thus it is quite relevant for Peter to exhort them to grow in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.


The word “wrest” in Vs 16 (twist; turn awry; torture; put to the rack; pervert or twist language) is one that particularly brings to mind all those false teachings which demand that the Bible be translated according to their doctrine. Calvinists are such a people; they redefine words such as “all” and “many” to avoid conflict, such  that “all” often means “not all” (Eg 1 Timothy 2:4)  and “many” can never mean “all” (Eg Matthew 20:28), where “the whole world” only means some of the whole world (Eg 1 John 2:2) and “all (mankind)” means only some of mankind (Eg John 12:32). This is what I call “verbal gymnastics”, efforts made to “wrest” (or twist, pervert) the meaning of a word, phrase or verse such that it is beaten into the shape that will fit into their corrupt doctrinal jigsaw.


Another example is where John 3:3 is made to somehow “prove” that one must be born again (regenerated) before one may have faith to believe in Christ. They do this by changing “see” into “have faith in”, conveniently ignoring 2 Corinthians 5:7 which teaches that sight and faith are opposing ideas (For we walk by faith, not by sight.) They also somehow “prove” that “the determinate counsel” and “foreknowledge” of God (Acts 2:23) are synonyms by misusing the Granville Sharp rule of Greek; they teach that “foreknowledgeispredeterminate counsel”. Yet that is impossible, both logically and scripturally. They say that Christ’s sheep hear His voice (John 10:27) because they are His chosen elect, yet when Jesus “came unto His own” people (Israel, His own sheep of the old covenant), His own “received Him not” (John 1:11). Etc etc etc etc ….ad infinitum (ad nauseum?)! When interpreting the Bible, therefore, take the plain straight-forward meaning wherever such meaning makes sense.


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